•No reliable or even
unreliable figures available but most groups are very small and language
competence declining. Perhaps 100,000 maximum.
•What is their status?
•Almost all East Kainji languages are
threatened, except perhaps Amo and Chawai and many reported to exist may well be
extinct. The main source of threat is the spread of Hausa. The isolated lects
among the Hausa such as Kuda-Chamo are virtually gone. The main source of
endangerment is the spread of Hausa and the small size of communities. There is
some energy now to protect larger languages like Boze, Tunzu and Amo