Roger Marsh Blench
Date of Birth:
Managing Director, Mallam Dendo Ltd.
Professional Activities Relating to Development
Papers in Press
Documents posted electronically
Recent and projected travel, contact details etc.
2007 [with projected]
a) January. Completion of report for pre-formulation mission for IFAD Northern Regional Growth Project.
Team Leader, IFAD RPAP evaluation,
b) January-February. Palawan, Southern
Philippines, January 14-21st for ICAL-X, then in
Preparation of investment strategy document for
June 28-29th. Siem
h) July 24-25th. Ho, Volta Region,
a) Completion and submission of report on ILRI genetic resource programme.
b) Completion of DFID-funded handbook
on herder-farmer conflict in
d) April-May. Completion of small arms study.
e) February-June. Organiser of the Two-Day meeting
f) June 21. To
September 29-October 1. St. Anthony’s College,
Nairobi/China/Bhutan. Evaluation of ILRI as part of wide-ranging evaluation
of CGIAR system. Natura consultancy. Begins October
k) November. Presentations
at Kunming Institute of Zoology,
m) December. Invited by Royal Government of Bhutan to establish socio-economic survey of migratory herders, currently under way.
n) December 16.
a) January/March 2003. Work in
2003. Invited presentation La conservación de la agrobiodiversidad en las Américas y en África. CATIE,
c) April-May 2003. Preparation of DFID-Nigeria position Paper. Drivers of change –the rural dimension.
d) April 2003. Preparation of DFID-Nigeria Paper. Livestock marketing 1990-2003-2020.
e) May/June 2003. Work in
f) July. Preparation of DFID-Nigeria position Paper. Drivers of change –migration.
g) August. Preparation of DFID-Nigeria position Paper. Drivers of change –culture, language and ethnicity.
Invited discussant, Indian Ocean Conference,
i) September. I was in
k) 11-15th of
l) November-January 2004. To
a) January/March. Fieldwork and
March/April. Visits to
Workshop presentation for Sida in
e) May/June. Visits
to regional centres in
Consultancy on natural resource conflict for World Bank mission appraisal of Fadama
Tamale. Presentation to GSAE/MOFA Meeting on Accelerated Rice Production in
h) August. Tamale. Organisation of Workshop on using vernacular radio drama for agricultural extension.
j) October. Study for FAO on role of livestock in PRSPs.
k) November/December. Preparation of chapter on livestock issues for NEPAD document. Commission by FAO.
December/March 2003. Work in
a) January, February.
d) April. Preparation of text for forthcoming WDR on rights-based development
e) May. Co-ordinator MAPs workshop,
f) June/October. Preparation of
materials for Mining and Sustainable Development Workshop,
g) July. Discussant, Minority Rights
h) October. Two presentations for the
Mining and Sustainable Development Initiative,
i) October/November. Joint work with Sida on a study of Area Development Projects.
b) Preparation of
c) Facilitator of Workshop in Tamale,
d) Facilitator of Inception Workshop in
e) Facilitator of Workshop in Tamale,
Northern Ghana, on 'Indigenous Knowledge of Trees in
f) Preparation for IUCN/EC of briefing papers on biodiversity and food security, biodiversity and health
j) October. Preparation of briefing paper on mainstreaming the environment for DFID.
k) October. Evaluation of Norwegian
collaborative environmental projects in
m) November. Organiser. Workshop on
Rice Production in
a) Prepared briefing paper for DFID on
environmental problems in
b) Supervision of Soil and Water
conservation Projects in
c) Author of issues paper on rangeland biodiversity for DFID LPPB project
d) Joint author of issues paper on insect biodiversity for DFID LPPB project
e) Prepared briefing paper for DFID on
environmental problems in
f) Preparation for FAO of Pastoralism Web Site at ODI, based on Pastoral Development Network
g) Convenor of Indigenous Knowledge/Drought and Livestock Panels for the Vth World Rangelands Congress, Townsville, July.
h) Prepared and presented paper for DGVIII of the EC on the implementation of the CCD (Convention to Combat Desertification) at an intergovernmental meeting on April 7th.
i) Fieldwork in
j) Joint author of study Can livestock and wildlife co-exist? Published as a book, resulting from a project financially supported by the Department for International Development.
k) Preparation of environmental paper
for DFID Country Strategy for
l) September. Presentation Seasonal forecasting and African
subsistence farmers. At the Workshop on User Responses to Seasonal
Climate Forecasts in
m) October 24-28. Run workshop for FAO
o) November-December. Work on Nigeria/Mali/Ghana on Soil and Water Conservation/Multi-Agency Partnerships/Indigenous Ecological Knowledge.
a) Team Leader, DFID-supported study.
‘Rethinking Natural Resource Degradation in Sub-Saharan
b) Co-ordinator of FAO electronic
Conference ‘Livestock and the Challenge of Drought’ taking place in July
1998. Posting of keynote paper Drought
and livestock in semi-arid Africa and the
c) Invited presentation at the Southern
Africa Regional Climate Outlook Forum,
d) Edited book on recent socio-economic
research in north-central
e) Prepared Issues Paper on livestock biodiversity for NRPAD, DFID. (see publications)
f) Prepared environmental briefs on the
a) February-April. Fieldwork in
b) May-June. Fieldwork on farming systems in the Rwenya Basin, Zimbabwe on DFID-funded programme 'Partnerships and Policies for Change'.
c) June 26-27. Convenor of Conference:
d) Invited presentation to DFID meeting
e) July 24. Host of NRI Animal Traction
strategy meeting in ODI,
f) Edited an issue of
a) January-March. Co-ordinator.
Nomadism and Environment Workshop. Joint sponsors; the kingdom of
c) June. Commence work as ODI research
fellow. Preparations for 3-year project ODA-sponsored project on agricultural
systems and resource conflicts in semi-arid
d) December. Presentation at the
IFAD-sponsored workshop on Rangeland management in the
a) February-May. Mission Leader: Socio-economic and
animal production survey of the pastoral zones of
b) June-August. Mission Leader: Agricultural Resource Management Project Survey
c) August-September. Sociological survey:
d) September. Co-ordinator of the Conference “African
Livestock: the new synthesis”.
e) December 4-8th. Keynote paper for workshop on
‘Animal Traction and the Environment’. ATNESA.
a) January-March. Visitor, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra.
b) April-June. Study of
a) March-April. Environmental Consultant for DDC/FAO River Basin Mission in Nigeria.
b) May-June. Consultant for DDC FAO/CP Third Livestock Development Project, Nigeria.
c) July-August. Study of Agricultural Extension Media for Edo State ADP, Nigeria.
d) November-December. World Bank Mission to evaluate sustainability of ADPs in Nigeria.
a) May. Nigerian Government consultant (Rural Sociology) for sub-sectoral review mission.
b) June. FAO consultant in Rome
c) September-December. FAO/UNDP Consultant, Nigerian Livestock Sector, UNDP 5-year plan.
Ground Survey Co-ordinator for Nigerian National Livestock Resource Survey; planning, and supervision of the fieldwork for the Census as well as preparation of working papers and the final report.
a) January-March. Work with ILCA, Kaduna on revision of Livestock Systems Study.
b) February. Run Workshop for NLPD/ILCA on National Dairy Survey. Edit Proceedings.
c) February. Conduct survey of the meat trade in Kaduna area for ILCA, Kaduna.
d) April-December. Co-ordinator, Ground Survey, Nigerian National Livestock Census, Pilot Phase.
e) May-June. Mission to Chad for OXFAM. Report (in French) on restructuring Pastoral Associations in Oum Hadjer, Batha Oriental.
f) March and July. Planning and co-ordination of National Dairy Survey for NLPD, Kaduna, Nigeria.
February-March. Trip to Red Sea
Province, Sudan to report for OXFAM on the potential for a livestock census.
b) Presentation of sociological fieldwork and aerial
survey review for the International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA) for
the External Programme Review.
c) Preparation and synthesis of resources on women's
a) February-March. Synthesis of aerial surveys in the
b) April-June. Synthesis
of air/ground surveys in West Africa for the
1983 - 84
in Ethiopia (1971)
Editorial Board. Mega-Chad Network
Listowner. ARCLING ()
Papers published in refereed journals or other publications
Silent Trade: an Igala version.
(1984b) Islam among the Nupe. In: Muslim peoples (ed. 2). Westview Press,
(1986) The Evolution of the Nupe cultigen repertoire.
(1991b) Contact between Ancient Egypt and sub-Saharan Africa: the evidence of cultivated plants. pp. 54-6 in; 'Egypt and Africa' -ed. W.V. Davies. British Museum Press.
(1994a) The Ethnography of the Kariya People: A Preliminary Description. Nigerian Field, 59:157-168.
(1994b) [with others] Nigerian livestock resources survey. World Animal Review, 78:49-58.
(1994c) The Expansion and Adaptation of
(1995a) A History of Domestic Animals in Northeastern Nigeria. Cahiers de Science Humaine, 31, 1:181-238. ORSTOM, Paris.
(1995b) The Work of N.W. Thomas as Government Anthropologist in Nigeria. Nigerian Field, 60:20-28.
(1996a) Evidence for the inception of agriculture in the
Nigeria-Cameroun borderland. pp. 83-102. In The Growth of Farming communities in Africa from the Equator
southwards. ed. J.E.G. Sutton. Azania special Volume XXIX-XXX.
(1996b) Pastoralists and national borders in
(1997a) [with K. Williamson & B. Connell] The Diffusion of Maize in
(1997b) The history and spread of donkeys in
conflict in semi-arid
species, livelihoods and biodiversity in difficult areas: how should the
public sector respond? Natural
Resource Briefing Paper 23.
(1997f) A history of agriculture in
(1997g) The History and Future of Water Management of the
(1998a) Fragments and
sentiments: why is 'the community' the focus of development? a Zimbabwean
case. AgREN Network Paper 81a.
(1998e) The diffusion of New World Cultigens in
(1998d) Rangeland degradation and socio-economic changes
among the Bedu of Jordan: results of the 1995 IFAD survey. In: Drylands: sustainable use of rangelands in
the twenty-first century. V.R. Squires and A.E. Sidahmed (eds.) 397-423.
(1998e) [with Zoë Marriage] Climatic uncertainty and natural resource policy: what should the
role of government be? Natural Resource Briefing Paper 31.
(1998f) Le West African Shorthorn au
(1998g) Le N’dama et le bétail issu de croisements (Keteku) au Nigeria. In Les taurins au Cameroun et Nigeria. C. Seignobos and E. Thys eds. 293-310. Paris: IEMVT, Maisons-Alfort.
conservation and its opponents. Natural Resource Briefing Paper 32.
(1999a) Introduction. In: R.M.Blench (ed.) Natural Resource Management and
Socio-economic Factors in
(1999b.) Agriculture and the environment in northeastern
(1999c) Why are there so many pastoral peoples in
(1999d) Are the African Pygmies an ethnographic fiction?
In: Central African hunter-gatherers in
a multi-disciplinary perspective: challenging elusiveness. K. Biesbrouck, S.
Elders & G. Rossel eds. 41-60.
(1999e) Hunter-gatherers, conservation and development:
from prejudice to policy reform. Natural Resource Briefing Paper 43.
(1999f) [with C. Boyd and others] Reconciling interests among
wildlife, livestock and people in
(1999g) [with Florian Sommer] Understanding rangeland
biodiversity. ODI Working Paper 121.
climatic forecasting: who can use it and how should it be disseminated?
Natural Resource Briefing Paper 47.
(1999i) Traditional livestock breeds:
distribution dynamics in relation to the ecology of
(1999j) The Nigerian National Livestock Resource Survey: a
personal account. In: L’Homme et l’animale dans le
Bassin du Lac Tchad. C. Baroin &
(1999k) The westward wanderings of Cushitic pastoralists. In: L’Homme et l’animale dans le Bassin du Lac
Tchad. C. Baroin &
Animal traction in
(2000a) A history of donkeys and mules in
(2000b) Minor livestock species in
(2000c) A history of pigs in
(2000d) Combining different sources of evidence for the
history of African livestock. In: The
origin and development of African livestock. R.M. Blench & K.C.
MacDonald (eds.) 18-27.
(2000e) Isachsen, O., Blench, R.M. & H. Egnéus
(2001a) 'Till the cows come home' -why conserve livestock
(2001b) Understanding rangeland diversity In: Living off biodiversity: exploring
livelihoods and biodiversity issues in
(2001c) Speight, M.R., Blench, R.M. & D.M. Bourn
R. Chapman, Blench, R.M. Kranjac-Berisavljevic’, G. and A.B.T. Zakariah Rural
radio in agricultural extension; the example of vernacular radio programmes
on soil and water conservation in
(2004) The history and spread of donkeys in
1986. coed. with R. von Kaufmann and S. Chater Livestock systems research in
conflict in semi-arid
1999a. Bourn, D. & R.M. Blench [eds.] Can wildlife and livestock co-exist? An interdisciplinary approach. London: Overseas Development Institute.
1999c. [with Zoë Marriage] Drought and livestock in semi-arid Africa and Southwest Asia. An essay and an annotated bibliography. ODI Working Paper 117. London: Overseas Development Institute.
2000. The origin and development of African livestock. coed. with K.C. MacDonald. University College Press, London.
2001. Blench, R.M. Pastoralism in the new millennium. FAO: Animal Health and Production Series, No 150.
2002a. Blench, R.M. and T. Slaymaker eds. Rethinking Natural Resource Degradation in
2002b. T. Slaymaker and Blench, R.M. eds. Rethinking Natural Resource Degradation in
2002c. Blench, R.M. and Slaymaker, T. eds. Pour une nouvelle approche de la lutte contre la dégradation des ressources naturelles en Afrique subsaharienne: Etudes de cas menées en Afrique de l’Ouest. Senegal : ENDA.
2002d. Blench, R.M., J. Farrington et al. eds. Area Development Projects, poverty reduction and the new architecture of aid. Synthesis [Vol I] and three case studies [Vol II]. Sida Report 02/14. Stockholm: Sida.
2004. Natural Resource Conflicts in
2005. Sagart, L., Blench, R.M. & A. Sanchez-Mazas. The
peopling of East Asia.
Language and the African Past. Lanham:
Papers In Press
(in press, a) [with A. de Jode and E. Gherzi] Donkeys in Nigeria: distribution and productivity. Proceedings of the ATNESA Workshop, Donkey Power Benefits. Addis Ababa, May 5-9, 1997.
(in press, b) La conservación de la agrobiodiversidad en las Américas y en África. To appear in Manejo Integrado de plagas y Agroecología, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Also to appear in English in the proceedings of the 2nd CATIE Conference on Agricultural Development. Turrialba, Costa Rica, 19-21 March 2003.
(in press, c) Arbres fruitiers dans la région de Préfecture Logone Oriental, S. Tchad. Proceedings of the Mega-Tchad Conference, Paris.
(in press d) The intertwined history of the silk-cotton and
eReconstructing African subsistence systems: comparing crop names to trees and livestock
Documents posted electronically
(1998a) [with Zoë Marriage] The social and technical construction of weather: El Niño and other climatic events in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Proceedings of the Southern Africa Regional Climate Outlook Forum, Pilanesberg, South Africa, May 12-15, 1998. UK Meteorological Office.
(1998b) [with Zoë Marriage] Drought and Livestock in Africa and the Near East: Overview Paper. Posted on the FAO Electronic Conference Site. http://www.fao.org/ag/aga/agap/lps/drought1.htm
(2000) Issues and Options for the Horn of Africa. Posted on the FAO Site. http://www.fao.org
Reports. Either written alone or in collaboration with others
(1984) Livestock and
(1985b) West African air/ground survey synthesis. Report submitted to ILCA, Addis Ababa.
production systems in the
(1987a) Report on Guyaku Grazing Reserve. Report to NLPD, Kaduna.
(1987b) Refuge in the Sahel. Report to ODEM, Mopti, Mali on an air/ground survey of pastoralists in Mali's Fifth Region.[versions in English & French]
(1988) A livestock Survey in Red Sea Province, Sudan. A report to OXFAM on methods for conducting a livestock survey in Red Sea Province, Sudan.
(1989a) Patterns of Dairy Consumption in the Kaduna region. Report to ILCA Kaduna on a survey of the consumption of dairy products in Central Nigeria.
(1989b) Adventures in the skin trade. Report to ILCA Kaduna on a survey of the livestock and meat trade in Central Nigeria.
(1989c) Pastoral Associations and credit in Oum Hadjer, Batha Oriental, Chad. [versions in English & French]. Report to Oxfam, Ndjamena.
(1990) Livestock and Land Use in Niger and Anambra States, Nigeria. Report to Federal Livestock Department, Abuja, Nigeria.
(1992a) National Livestock Resource Survey. (6 vols.) Report to Federal Livestock Department, Abuja, Nigeria.
(1992b) Situation of Grazing Reserves in Nigeria. Report to LIMECU, Federal Livestock Department, Abuja, Nigeria.
(1992c) Programme Support Document- Livestock sub-sector. UNDP/FMFED, Lagos.
(1993a) Strengthening Water Resource Management in Nigeria. Report of FAO/CP mission.
(1993b) Third Livestock Development Project-Appraisal. Report of FAO/CP mission.
(1993c) A Study of
(1994) Trends in the
(1995a) Jordan’s Rangelands: baseline socio-economic survey. Report to IFAD, Near East and North Africa Division.
and Water Conservation in the Karak/Tafila region: baseline socio-economic
survey. Report to IFAD, Near East
(1995c) Poor households in Arkhangay Aimak: baseline socio-economic survey. Report to IFAD, Asia Division.
(1997a) A preliminary description of the agricultural systems in northeastern Ghana: a comparison of high and medium population density areas. Report to NRPAD, DFID.
(1997b) The influence of human culture on the savannah landscapes of northern Ghana. Report to NRPAD, DFID.
(1997c) Subsistence strategies and resource management in south-eastern Africa: the case of the Rwenya basin in north-eastern Zimbabwe. Report to NRPAD, DFID.
(1997d) [with G. Gill and C. Turton] Pearl millet in developing countries. Report to DFID.
(1998b) Freshwater ecosystems, biodiversity loss and vulnerable peoples. Draft Natural Resource Briefing Paper. London: Overseas Development Institute.
(1998c) Between the
wild and the domestic: rethinking
(1998g) ‘The answer lies in the soil’: comparative ethnopedology in northern Ghana. Unpublished report of the DFIF-supported project ‘Rethinking Land Degradation in Sub-Saharan Africa.
(1998i) Blench, R.M., Marriage, Z. and P.A. Allsworth-Jones
(1998i) Blench, R.M. and E. Drake Environmental briefing –Tanzania. Report presented to DFID.
(1999a) Blench, R.M. and Z. Marriage
Blench, R.M. and Z. Marriage
(1999c) Blench, R.M. and Z. Marriage
(1999d) Drought preparedness in
(2000a) Environmental and Forced Resettlement guidelines of the Asian Development Bank. Report to JBIC.
(2000b) BDP Briefing paper Biodiversity and health. DFID/EC. Brussels.
(2000c) BDP Briefing paper Biodiversity and food security. DFID/EC. Brussels.
(2000d) Mainstreaming the environment: comparative experiences from other agencies. Paper prepared for DFID Environment Department.
and land degradation in
(2000g) Pastoralists in the Kome pipeline area. Report to Exxon-Mobil.
(2001) Mining and biodiversity. [together with PowerPoint presentations] Report to the Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development Initiative.
(2002a) Sustainable Poverty Reduction through Area
Ralsgård, Dessalegn Rahmato &
(2002c) Steve Gossage, Guy Scott and
(2002d) Conflict between pastoralists and cultivators in
(2002e) Blench, R.M., Chapman, R.C. & T. Slaymaker. A study of the role of livestock in PRSPs. Report to AGAH, FAO, Rome.
(2003a) Investing in African livestock: present situation and future needs. Report to AGAH, FAO, Rome.
(2003d) Drivers of pro-poor Change in
(2003e) Projections of change in livestock systems. Report to DFID-Nigeria.
(2003f) Roger Blench & Umaru Hassan. Profiling facilitators for Fadama II. Report to Conflict Resolution Unit, World Bank.
(2003g) Drivers of pro-poor Change in Nigeria: migration. Report to DFID-Nigeria.
(2003h) Drivers of pro-poor Change in Nigeria: culture, language and ethnicity. Report to DFID-Nigeria.
(2004) Report on fieldwork in four aimags in southern Mongolia. Report to ERM. Available for download at: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/roger_blench/Development%20reports/Report%20to%20CPR.pdf
(2005a) [with J-P. Poivey & H. Simianer]. Evaluation of EC support to ILRI. Brussels: European Union.
(2005c) Background to Upper East
(2005d) Non-beneficiary survey, Upper East
(2005e) Background to Upper West
(2005f) Non-beneficiary survey, Upper West
(2005g) Conflict in Nigerian markets: pastoral elements. Sub-report to University of Durham, appended as an independent document to report by G. Porter et al. to DFID-Nigeria.
(2005h) Working paper. Sociological and environmental aspects of project households in the RPAP project in two aimags of Mongolia. IFAD evaluation.
(2006a) Evaluation of RPAP. IFAD,
(2006b) Investment strategies for IFAD in
(2006c) The role of traditional leaders in mediating
(2006d) Evaluation of the Pact programme in
Unpublished Seminar and Conference Papers [Date denotes year given]
(1989) Survey Methods for the Nigerian National Dairy Products Consumption Survey. ILCA/NLPD National Dairy Survey Workshop, Kaduna, February, 1989.
(1989) (ed) Papers from the ILCA/NLPD National Dairy Survey Workshop. Kaduna.
Under the auspices of IFAD I have designed a bilingual Arabic/English front end for exploring socio-economic data captured in Access 2.0 databases.
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